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How nanotechnologies affect the development of computer technology

 

Transcript of How Nanotechnology Affects the Development of Computer Technology

Nanotechnologies and computers
As the main computational element at all stages, only the transistor was used. The performance of computers grows with the number of transistors in their computing elements.

Modern processors are based on extra large integrated circuits (VLSIs) and contain hundreds of millions of transistors. 
As it turned out, when creating microprocessors, one can not simply extensively increase the number of transistors, as this leads to an excessively high heat release, which does not give a gain in speed, but, on against, is the cause of malfunctions 
Modern scientific methods and engineering developments allow creating transistors with energy consumption in millionths of a watt. Such transistors have dimensions of several tens of nanometers (!).
This miniaturization allows you to place up to one billion transistors in one crystal. The performance of modern microprocessors is tens of millions of times higher than the first computers on electron tubes. The application of nanotechnology in the field of computer technology is not limited to the creation of microprocessors. 
How nanotechnologies affect the development of computer technology 
How nanotechnologies have influenced computer storage of information 
Nanotechnologies have already made it possible to significantly increase the amount of RAM * and achieve a speed comparable to that of processors. Modern memory allows you to address tens of gigabytes of information per second
Nanotechnology is also used in long-term memory devices. The flash memory used in devices allows you to create faster and more economical storage media. While SSD-drives are inferior to traditional hard disks by such parameter as the amount of stored memory. 
Modern video adapters represent a whole motherboard with graphics processor, memory and other additional devices and controllers located on it. The 
principles of operation of graphics processors and memory differ slightly from traditional CPUs and RAM. The number of transistors in GPUs is usually larger than in the central ones. Memory also works faster.
SSD-disk - a device for long-term storage of information. It is an alternative to traditional hard drives. Instead of mechanical parts and magnetic disks, SSDs use special flash memory. 

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