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How to make summer vacation safe and enjoyable?

What can be more insulting than health problems during your vacation? Prepare to rest as follows!
What can be more insulting than health problems during your vacation? Prepare to rest as follows! And we will tell you how to do it.

On the road

Going to the road, try to make sure that the time spent on the road was as pleasant as possible and did not cause you unnecessary trouble. If you are going to fly into a cold condition, take with you vasoconstricting drops. Before planting, bury your nose with this remedy. This will help in the future avoid excessive pressure and pawning of the ears (sometimes very painful). 

Drink more fluids - the air in the plane is very dry, and the body loses a lot of moisture. If you travel by train or car, do not expose the air conditioner to a critical point: the difference between the temperature in the cabin and outdoors should not exceed 10 ºC. A large temperature drop is fraught with a cold.

A common problem for those traveling by any means of transport is motion sickness. To reduce unpleasant symptoms, drink on the way with enough water. Try to stay where the shock of the body during the movement of transport will be minimal (in the plane - in the wing wings of the aircraft, on the ship - in the central part of the ship, on the train - in the central wagons, on the bus - in the front rows, in the car - near the driver). While driving, do not focus on the small objects (for example, on the game in the smartphone). 

If your journey takes you to another time zone, on the way try to eat and sleep in those hours when it is customary to do it wherever you go. This will help the body to adapt more quickly to new conditions and soften the uncomfortable symptoms of acclimatization.

Camping

Going to nature, instead of using harmful and toxic insect repellents (substances that repel insects), apply a few drops of essential oil of cloves, geranium, thyme, rosemary - insects do not tolerate these smells. In the case of a bite, the essential oil of lavender, chamomile or tea tree is excellent. Apply one drop (but not more) of undiluted oil every few hours during the first day.

If you could not avoid the bites of insects

Most residents of the mid-latitude encounter mosquito bites, bees, hornets. In the poison that they inject, in addition to the active proteins, contain all kinds of components that play the role of strong allergens. Acute allergic reaction to a bite (increased heart rate, severe edema, respiratory failure, a sharp drop in blood pressure) requires urgent medical attention. If you do not have such an acute reaction to a bite, take an antihistamine (against allergy), apply a chilled lotion moistened with sodium hydroxide (dilute with water 1: 5) or in ethyl alcohol (dilute with water 1: 3). It is also recommended, after drinking warm tea, to take a horizontal position and lie down for a while. To avoid complications, an antihistamine should be taken a couple of days - until the swelling and swelling disappears completely. To avoid pain and burning at the bite, folk medicine recommends attaching a mashed leaf of plantain, dandelion or parsley to the affected area. Itching can be treated with a solution of baking soda or lubricated with an alcohol tincture of calendula.

If I catch a cold

If there is discomfort in the throat or nasopharynx immediately begin treatment, otherwise the disease can worsen right up to the angina or sinusitis. With a must necessarily take an oil solution chlorophyllipt. At the first symptoms it is necessary to drip this remedy into the nose or rinse the throat (dilute with water 1: 5). This quickly removes the inflammation and will not let the disease develop. If the temperature rises, first of all you need a copious drink. In warm tea with lime, lemon, honey or raspberries. In the heat, you can add mint or lemon balm - this will create a cool effect.

In the summer season, many are faced with exacerbation of herpes (fever on the lips). In this case, you need to drink immunomodulators: tincture of echinacea or lymphomyositis. A fever can be greased with an oil extract of a carnation.

On the beach

Most of the time we usually spend summer holidays on the beach. To ensure that such a holiday has strengthened, rather than undermined health, the following rules must be observed. 

- sunbathing in the open sun is recommended only from 9 to 11 am and after 17:00, when the activity of the sun subsides; 

- at least 20 minutes before going to the beach it is necessary to lubricate the skin with sunscreen (water resistant) 

- it is better to go sunbathing while walking, playing volleyball or simply walking along the beach, evenly substituting the sun for all parts of the body, and not "frying" in one position for hours ; 

- The residence time in the sun should not exceed 20 minutes. Periodically you need to be in the shade of a tree or under a canopy. So you can get a beautiful tan, but without harm to health;


- to avoid getting a sunstroke, be sure to wear a hat on the beach; 

- do not rush into the water immediately after sunbathing. Walk along the shore, go to shallow water, rinse your hands, feet and neck with water. Only then you can slowly dive into the water completely; 

- after after you get out of the water, it is desirable to wipe yourself with a towel so that the water drops do not provoke a burn; 

- Do not walk on the beach barefoot. Even if you are sure that you will not step on the glass, you can easily catch a fungal infection. Sand is a warm moist environment in which the fungus multiplies superbly. Always walk along the beach in beach shoes;

- Do not arrange on the beaches feasts with meat dishes, salads dressed with mayonnaise - these products quickly deteriorate. The most suitable food on the beach is fruits and vegetables. There is a lot of juice in them, which will help to fill the loss of fluid; 

- When you return home, go to the shower and rinse with warm water. 



Heat and sunstroke

The cause of heat stroke can be high temperature, as well as air humidity, synthetic clothing, heavy physical activity in hot weather. 

Symptoms of heat stroke: noise in the ears, lightheadedness, redness of the face, chills, nausea, darkening in the eyes, loss of consciousness.

The victim should be immediately taken to fresh air (in a shade or in a well ventilated cool room). Unbutton the collar of clothing (and it is better to undress the patient to the waist), lay on his back with a raised head. It is necessary to wrap the victim with a wet sheet or sprinkle the body with cold water. If a person has lost consciousness, you need to give him a sniff of ammonia, whiskey and a dimple on the back of the neck below the hair line, rub it lightly with cotton wool soaked in ammonia. You need a cool drink: give the victim mineral water without gas, black tea with honey. 

The most common cause of sunstroke is a stay in the sun with an uncovered head. 

Symptoms: redness of the face, headache, dizziness, fever.

In the case of a sunstroke, the same manipulations are carried out as in the case of a thermal shock.

Intestinal infections

Intestinal infections are very common in the summer. Therefore, do not drink raw water at all, and also more often my hands. Be careful with canned food, sausage, meat, fish - make sure that only fresh and quality products are in the diet. Bear in mind that meat and fish products keep freshness outside the refrigerator for a maximum of 3 hours, eggs hard-boiled in a whole shell - about a day. Vegetables and fruits must be filled with boiling water. In case of poisoning, first of all, prevent dehydration of the body. In the first aid kit, there must be a Regidron. After food intoxication within two or three days, you must follow a strict diet: only oatmeal or rice decoction. To the normal diet, return gradually, because the function of digestion is extinguished.
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